VALLETTA, MALTA - 4 November 2013: An 18th century document in Ottoman Turkish, affixed with the cipher of Turga, grants safe passage to a christian merchant through enemy seas, is here at the Notarial Archies in Valletta, Malta, on November 4th, 2013. At the Notarial Archives lie more than 500 years' worth of legal documents, the majority in Italian and Latin. There are 20,000 volumes at the Notarial Archives.
Valleta was named after Jean Parisot de Valette of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, who succeeded in defending the island from an Ottoman invasion in 1565, known as the Siege of Malta. The city was founded immediately after the end of the Siege of Malta to fortify the Order's position in Malta and bind the Knights to the island.